How to protect your intellectual property in unprecedented times
COVID-19 has propelled businesses into unprecedented times. Many businesses will be able to adapt to new lockdown measures by moving to partially or fully operate online. Businesses moving online must understand and act fast to protect intellectual property. In the case of Hardingham v RP Data Pty Limited, a photographer assumed an “implied licence”, mistakenly relying on the assumption that an implied licence restricted the use of his intellectual property.
Two missing intellectual property ingredients
James Hardingham, a professional photographer, who was the sole director and shareholder of Real Estate Marketing Australia Pty Ltd (‘REMA’), took photos and made floor plans for a number of real estate agencies. Those agencies then uploaded the content to realestate.com.au (‘REA’) who then shared it with corelogic.com.au (‘RP data’) (‘the websites’). The legal battle that ensued comprised of two parts:
- no formal ownership agreement existed between the real estate agencies, the websites and REMA in relation to the copyright of the photos and floor plans provided by Mr Hardingham; and
- no clear understanding that when agencies uploaded the photos and floor plans to online property listing platforms on the websites, the photos would still be used by REA and RP data even after the sale or lease of a property had been completed. 
Whilst Mr Hardingham recognised that there was an implied licence for the agencies to use his photographs and floor plans for the marketing of sale and lease of the properties on REA, he argued that the implied licence did not extend to RP data nor that any such implied licence would allow his intellectual property to be used long after the sale or lease (for which the images were originally made) had been completed.
Court finds implied licence exists
There are two main lessons that can be drawn from the case of Hardingham:
- clear and written Intellectual Property Licence Terms are always preferable over assuming that another party will use or not use your intellectual property in a certain way; and
- knowingly “acquiescing” to use of your intellectual property can demonstrate an implied licence for third parties to take and use your intellectual property. Conversely, if a copyright owner had no actual or constructive knowledge of its intended use by third parties, they may be able to demonstrate that the initial permission to use the images was more limited.
Put another way, if you don’t take reasonable steps to control your copyright, allowing it to be taken and used in a system with established rules of use, then you might lose your right to that control, at least within that system.
Contact BAL Lawyers dedicated team of Business Lawyers for advice on protecting your Intellectual Property rights online. Our lawyers will work with you to establish clear guidelines and expectations around the use of your IP, or possible infringements, in the context of Australian Copyright Law.
Written by Riley Berry with the assistance of Claudia Weatherall.
  FCA 2075.
 Ibid 24.
 Ibid 60 – 64.
 Ibid 60.
 Ibid 85.